How you organize và name your files will have a big impact on your ability lớn find those files later và to lớn understand what they contain. You should be consistent và descriptive in naming and organizing files so that it is obvious where to find specific data and what the files contain.

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It"s a good idea to phối up a clear directory structure that includes information like the project title, a date, & some type of chất lượng identifier. Individual directories may be set up by date, researcher, experimental run, or whatever makes sense for you & your retìm kiếm.

Download our File Naming Best Practices + Examplar handout (pdf)!

For more information on managing data, visit our FAQ. Interested in learning more about data best practices? Check out our workcửa hàng.

Xem thêm: Cách Khai Báo Hàng Foc Là Gì, Hàng Nhập Khẩu Kinh Doanh Kèm Theo Hàng Mẫu, Foc

Information for tệp tin names

File names should allow you to identify a precise experiment from the name. Choose a format for naming your files and use it consistently. 

You might consider including some of the following information in your tệp tin names, but you can include any information that will allow you to lớn distinguish your files from one another. 

Project or experiment name or acronymLocation/spatial coordinatesResearcher name/initialsDate or date range of experimentType of dataConditionsVersion number of fileThree-letter file extension for application-specific files

Another good idea is to lớn include in the directory a readme.txt tệp tin that explains your naming format along with any abbreviations or codes you have used.

Other tips for file naming

A good format for date designations is YYYYMMDD or YYMMDD. This format makes sure all of your files stay in chronological order, even over the span of many years.Try not lớn make tệp tin names too long, since long tệp tin names do not work well with all types of software.Special characters such as ~ !
# $ % ^ & * ( ) ` ; ? , < > " " & | should be avoided.When using a sequential numbering system, using leading zeros for clarity and to make sure files sort in sequential order. For example, use "001, 002, ...010, 011 ... 100, 101, etc." instead of "1, 2, ...10, 11 ... 100, 101, etc."Do not use spaces. Some software will not recognize tệp tin names with spaces, and tệp tin names with spaces must be enclosed in quotes when using the commvà line. Other options include:Underscores, e.g. file_name.xxxDashes, e.g. file-name.xxxNo separation, e.g. filename.xxxCamel case, where the first letter of each section of text is capitalized, e.g.

Renaming files

You may already have sầu a lot of data collected for your project & wish to lớn organize và rename these files for easier data management. If you have too many files to rename them all by hand, try one of the following applications for renaming your files:

File naming case studies


This file naming case study includes real-life examples of problems you could encounter if you don"t make good file naming choices!




Check out this case study of an organized and thorough method used by one research group to lớn name a large phối of image files.