Highly developed country

Michael Boyle is an experienced financial professional with more than 9 years working with financial planning, derivatives, equities, fixed income, project management, & analytics.

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It"s difficult khổng lồ determine how best to lớn quantify the difference between developed và developing countries. Although gross domestic hàng hóa (GDP) is one of the most well-known values for assessing economic health, several other metrics can also be used lớn gauge a nation"s development. While some have the potential khổng lồ be more accurate than others, none of them are inherently wrong to lớn use. To further complicate matters, most countries are large, complex entities that can"t be neatly categorized. As a result, there are several nations that exhibit characteristics of more than one category.


Even the experts have sầu yet khổng lồ agree on a consistent definition. For instance, the United Nations (UN) classifies countries as either developed economies, economies in transition, or developing economies, although it doesn"t specify its basis for applying these groupings other than that they "reflect basic economic country conditions." The International Monetary Fund (IMF), on the other h&, takes several different factors into lớn trương mục when determining whether a nation is an advanced economy, an emerging market and developing economy, or a low-income developing country. The World Bank uses gross national income (GNI) per capita for its measurements, & it has has four different categories: high-income economies, upper middle-income economies, lower middle-income economies, and low-income economies.


The purpose of this article is khổng lồ highlight the development status of the 25 largest countries on Earth by GDP. This metric was chosen to better illustrate how nations meeting the traditional criteria for being "wealthy" can still be considered developing. That being said, countries on this danh mục have sầu been categorized according to lớn the UN"s standards because its classification system is the closest to lớn our definitions of "developed" & "developing."


Countries may be classified as either developed or developing based on the gross domestic sản phẩm (GDP) or gross national income (GNI) per capita, the màn chơi of industrialization, the general standard of living, & the amount of technological infrastructure, aao ước several other potential factors.According khổng lồ the United Nations (UN), a nation"s development status is a reflection of its "basic economic country conditions."The human development index (HDI) is a metric developed by the United Nations that"s used lớn assess the social and economic development levels of countries based on life expectancy, educational attainment, and income, which serves as an alternate means of assessing a nation"s development status.The United States was the richest developed country on Earth in 2019, with a total GDP.. of $21,433.23 billion.Trung Quốc was the richest developing country on Earth in 2019, with a total GDP of $14,279.94 billion.

What Is a Developed Nation?

A nation is typically considered to lớn be "developed" if it meets certain socioeconomic criteria. In some cases, this can be as simple as having a sufficiently developed economy. Where that isn"t adequate, other qualifiers can include but are not limited khổng lồ a country"s GDP/GNI per capita, its level of industrialization, its general standard of living, and/or the amount of technological infrastructure it has. These factors are typically interconnected (i.e., the màn chơi of available giải pháp công nghệ can impact the amount of GDP.. a country is capable of generating, etc.).


According lớn the UN, in 20đôi mươi, 35 countries were considered "developed." All developed countries were located in either North America, Europe, or "Developed Asia & Pacific."


Their birth & death rates are stable. They bởi vì not have sầu very high birth rates because, thanks to lớn chất lượng medical care & high living standards, infant mortality rates are low. Families bởi not feel the need lớn have large numbers of children due lớn the expectation that some will not survive sầu.They use a disproportionate amount of the world"s resources. In developed countries, more people drive cars, fly on airplanes, and power their homes with electricity & gas. Inhabitants of developing countries often do not have sầu access khổng lồ technologies that require the use of these resources.They have sầu higher levels of debt. Nations with developing economies cannot obtain the kind of seemingly bottomless financing that more developed nations can.

What Is a Developing Country?

A nation is typically considered lớn still be "developing" if it does not meet the socioeconomic criteria listed above sầu. Simply put, these are most often countries with a lower income, an underdeveloped industrial base, a lower standard of living, & a laông xã of access khổng lồ modern technology. As a result, developing nations frequently experience a laông xã of jobs, food, clean drinking water, education, healthcare, and housing.


According khổng lồ the UN, in 20đôi mươi, 126 countries were considered "developing." All developing countries were located in either Africa, Asia, or Latin America & the Caribbean.


Due lớn definitional discrepancies, countries such as Mexico, Greece, và Turkey are considered developed by some organizations and developing by others.


Development status determines which countries have a right to receive development aid under the rules of a multilateral or bilateral agency, such as the World Trade Organization (WTO).  This is likely the primary reason for why there are so many varied definitions of "developed" vs. "developing," as each organization has different qualifications for what should constitute the latter in order lớn receive their assistance.


This is also why even the terminology is inconsistent, as this binary is often insufficient for categorizing large, complex territories. For instance, the World Bank announced in năm 2016 that it would no longer be distinguishing between developing countries và developed countries, due khổng lồ the terms no longer being considered relevant.


Which Countries Have the Highest GDP.. per Capita?

GDPhường. represents the total monetary or market value of all the finished goods và services produced within a country"s borders in a specific time period. The calculation of a nation"s GDP.. encompasses all private and public consumption, government outlays, investments, additions khổng lồ private inventories, paid-in construction costs, and the foreign balance of trade.


While useful for acquiring a snapshot of the world"s economic powerhouses, this metric by itself is typically insufficient. Every country is obviously going khổng lồ have a different population, which means that looking exclusively at GDPhường can distort the truth and/or be so obvious as to lớn be meaningless. Of course a nation as large as China, with a total population of 1.4 billion people, would have sầu a larger GDP than a much smaller country lượt thích Irelvà, with its total population of 4.9 million.


GDP. per capita is a much more relevant statistic for better illustrating how a hypothetical average citizen might experience a nation"s economic output. GDP per capita, a tally of all the goods and services produced in a country in one year (as expressed in U.S. dollars), is a useful metric for distinguishing developed countries from developing ones. GDP per capita is calculated by dividing a country"s GDP. by its total population.

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For example, the population of Trung Quốc is approximately 285 times larger than the population of Ireland. Yet the typical Irish person ($78,779) is nearly eight times richer than their Chinese counterpart ($10,216.60), despite the fact that their country is so much smaller.  The countries with the highest GDPhường per capita are often those with an unusual concentration of wealth.


What Does HDI Mean?

Another measuring device, the human development index (HDI), was developed by the UN as a metric lớn assess the social and economic development levels of a given country. HDI quantifies life expectancy, educational attainment, & income inlớn a standardized number between zero và one; the closer to lớn one, the more developed the country. No minimum requirement exists for developed status, but most developed countries have HDIs of 0.8 or higher.


The life expectancy aspect of the HDI is calculated at the time of birth, which is equal to lớn zero when life expectancy is trăng tròn & equal to lớn one when life expectancy is 85. Education is measured according to lớn the mean years of schooling for residents of a country và the expected years of schooling that a child has at the average age for starting school. Finally, the metric chosen to represent the standard of living is GNI (gross national income) per capita based on purchasing power parity (PPP).


This index is useful for examining the impact of policy choices made by each nation. For example, if two countries have approximately the same GNI per capita but wildly different HDI scores, then it stands to reason that these disparities could stem from policies regarding life expectancy, educational attainment, or another factor unrelated lớn economic health.


It"s important to remember no set minimums or maximums exist for these metrics. Economists look at the totality of a country"s situation before rendering judgment, & they vày not always agree on a country"s development status.


Development Status of the Top 25 Countries by GDPhường.

Here is a menu that defines the development status of the top 25 countries by GDP as of 2019, organized alphabetically. Of this total, 14 countries are considered "developed," 10 are considered "developing," và one is considered "in transition."


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nước Australia

GDPhường (2019): $1,396.57 billionPopulation (2019): 25.36 millionGDPhường per Capita (2019): $55,057.2HDI (2020): 0.944

The Lvà Down Under has widespread industrialization and provides chất lượng healthcare for the majority of its citizens. Australians also enjoy a higher quality of life than some other countries; according khổng lồ the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD), citizens on average graded their contentment with life as 7.3 out of 10, which is reasonably better that the 6.5 global average. nước Australia is one of the wealthiest Asia–Pacific nations and has enjoyed over trăng tròn years of economic growth. Australia has a high average life expectancy of 85 years, much of which can be attributed to its excellent healthcare system. The country"s infant mortality rate is three per 1,000 live sầu births, one of the lowest rates in the world, as of 2019.


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Belgium

GDP.. (2019): $533.10 billionPopulation (2019): 11.50 millionGDPhường. per Capita (2019): $46,345.4HDI (2020): 0.931

The Kingdom of Belgium is the first amuốn several European countries on this các mục lớn have a higher quality of life (6.9 out of 10), life expectancy (81.6 years from birth), & education length (19.8 years of schooling) than the respective sầu worldwide averages. At 69.74%, the services sector accounted for the largest portion of the country"s GDP in 2019. Belgium lacks an abundance of natural resources, making it heavily reliant on imports of raw materials. However, given its central geographic location, highly developed transport network, and diversified industrial & commercial base, the country is well suited to lớn act as a major exporter of manufactured goods. As of 2019, the country"s average life expectancy was 82 years from birth, while its infant mortality rate was 10 deaths per 1,000 live births.


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Brazil

GDP.. (2019): $1,839.76 billionPopulation (2019): 211.05 millionGDPhường per Capita (2019): $8,717.2HDI (2020): 0.765

Though it has several characteristics of a developed nation, including the largest economy in South America or Central America, Brazil is still considered a developing country due khổng lồ its lower GDP per capita, higher infant mortality rate, & other factors.   Its high birth rate, at 14 births per 1,000 people in 2019, is also a comtháng characteristic of a developing country. Several factors contribute to lớn all of these metrics, including laông chồng of clean water; limited access to adequate healthcare, particularly in rural areas; abysmal housing conditions in many regions; và substandard diets.    A Brazilian"s average life expectancy, at 76 years since birth as of 2019, ranks higher than that of some other developing countries, though it"s just barely above sầu the global average of 75 years.


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Canadomain authority

GDPhường (2019): $1,736.42 billionPopulation (2019): 37.59 millionGDP. per Capita (2019): $46,189.7HDI (2020): 0.929

As the 10th-largest world economy on the basis of GDP.., Canada has a diverse economic base. It has a wealth of natural resources, including oil, gas, & coal. As such, the country is able lớn support its own energy needs as well as export natural resources to lớn other countries. In spite of this fact, Canada is also a world leader in the production and use of renewable energy sources, which provide approximately 18.9% of the country"s overall energy supply, while moving water specifically accounts for 59.3% of its electrithành phố. Canada"s proximity to the United States and a favorable exchange rate have also contributed to a svào manufacturing climate in the country.  Canadians enjoy universal healthcare coverage, with all residents having access lớn free medical care through a government-provided program. As of 2019, the country"s average life expectancy was a solid 82 years, while its infant mortality rate was 10 deaths per 1,000 live sầu births. 


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China

GDP.. (2019): $14,279.94 billionPopulation (2019): 1,397.71 millionGDPhường per Capita (2019): $10,216.6HDI (2020): 0.761

Despite having the world"s second-largest economy and the single largest military, China is still not classified as a developed country by the criteria of most organizations.   In addition to having one of the lowest GDPs per capita on this danh sách, another attribute indicating Trung Quốc is still developing is its dependance on agriculture, although this has been trending downward over time. In 20trăng tròn, 7.7% of China"s overall GDP was derived from agriculture. As of 2019, China"s average life expectancy was 77 years, and its infant mortality rate was 11 per 1,000 live sầu births.  Although these rates aren"t exceptionally high, they are noticeably worse than most other countries with trillions of dollars in overall wealth.


France

GDPhường (2019): $2,715.52 billionPopulation (2019): 67.05 millionGDP.. per Capita (2019): $40,496.4HDI (2020): 0.901

The French Republic is one of the world"s economic powerhouses. As of 2019, France has the seventh-largest economy by GDPhường. The country benefits from a diverse economy, including tourism, manufacturing, and pharmaceuticals. The French government has partially or fully privatized many prominent companies, though it maintains a strong presence in its power, public transport, & defense sectors. As of 2019, French citizens enjoyed a higher than average life expectancy of 83 years since birth & a low infant mortality rate of four deaths per 1,000 live births.  The French healthcare system combines universal access lớn care with a substantial amount of freedom for patients, with surveys showing that citizens are overall satisfied with their country"s system. Additionally, in 20đôi mươi, unemployment in France sat at 8.34% và has been trending downward.


Germany

GDPhường. (2019): $3,861.12 billionPopulation (2019): 83.09 millionGDPhường per Capita (2019): $46,467.5HDI (2020): 0.947

Driven by its highly skilled labor force, Germany is Europe"s strongest economy, và it is the fourth-largest economy in the world. The nation is known for delivering world-class quality products, including machinery, motor vehicles, electronics, and pharmaceuticals. In 2019, Germany was second only lớn China as the world"s largest surplus economy, with its exported products exceeding its imported products. As of 2019, Germany had a life expectancy of 81 years since birth as well as an infant mortality rate of only three deaths per 1,000 live sầu births.  German citizens enjoy access to universal healthcare coverage. All Germans must belong to lớn a not-for-profit sickness fund that covers most necessary medical procedures & medications. Just 0.3% of Germany"s population reported an unmet need for medical care in 2017.


India

GDP (2019): $2,868.93 billionPopulation (2019): 1,366.42 millionGDP per Capita (2019): $2,099.6HDI (2020): 0.645

Although India is an exceptionally wealthy country (ranked fifth in terms of overall GDP), like Đài Loan Trung Quốc, its high population results in a rather low GDPhường per capita.   The Republic of India is considered both a newly industrialized nation and one of the faskiểm tra developing countries on Earth.  However, the country continues khổng lồ struggle with issues like widespread poverty, poor water và sanitation, và overpopulation.   India hosts a diverse economy, ranging from traditional farming to contemporary agriculture, và handicrafts khổng lồ a wide range of industrial products. Thanks lớn a large & well-educated English-speaking population, India is a major exporter of IT services, business outsourcing services, & software workers. As of 2019, India had a life expectancy of 70 years since birth as well as an infant mortality rate of 28 deaths per 1,000 live births. 


Indonesia

GDP.. (2019): $1,119.19 billionPopulation (2019): 270.62 millionGDPhường. per Capita (2019): $4,135.6HDI (2020): 0.718

The Republic of Indonesia is the world"s most populous Muslim-majority country và Southeast Asia"s largest economy. The nation"s key exports include rubber, animal & vegetable fat, mineral fuels, machinery, electrical machinery, & mechanical appliance parts. A chất lượng aspect of Indonesia"s chất lượng of life is that the country lies within the Pacific Ring of Fire, which is responsible for 90% of earthquakes and has 75% of the world"s active volcanos.  In addition to lớn natural disaster hazards, the nation also faces challenges more comtháng to lớn developing countries, with 24 million Indonesians lacking safe water, 38 million lacking access to lớn improved sanitation facilities, và 19.4 million being unable to meet their dietary requirements.  As of 2019, Indonesia had a life expectancy of 72 years since birth, as well as an infant mortality rate of đôi mươi deaths per 1,000 live births. 


Italy

GDPhường (2019): $2,003.58 billionPopulation (2019): 60.30 millionGDP. per Capita (2019): $33,225.6HDI (2020): 0.892

Italy"s manufacturing industry is very well developed, và it is ranked seventh on Earth according to lớn the World Economic Forum. In particular, Italy is known for producing high-chất lượng luxury products, such as fashion accessories, expensive sầu cars, & food products. Nearly 71% of Italy"s more than 25 million workers are employed in the services sector, while just over 3.5% work in agriculture, which is a svào indicator that this nation is developed.  Italy alone accounts for approximately 2.28% of the planet"s entire wealth, ranked eighth in the world for overall GDP.. The present-day commercial banking industry had its beginning in Italy, and today the nation"s largest financial services company, Intesa Sanpaolo, is regularly ranked on the Fortune 500 danh mục.   As of 2019, the country"s average life expectancy was 83 years from birth, while its infant mortality rate was 7 deaths per 1,000 live sầu births. 


Japan

GDPhường (2019): $5,081.77 billionPopulation (2019): 126.26 millionGDP. per Capita (2019): $40,246.9HDI (2020): 0.919

Despite its smaller kích thước compared to lớn other economically healthy countries, such as Germany or France, nhật bản is the third wealthiest nation on Earth in terms of overall GDP.  More than 72% of the nation"s workforce was in the services sector in 2019, while just over 3% was in agriculture. The archipelago is heavily dependent on imports of natural resources, and it is the world"s largest net buyer of food products, the largest importer of liquefied natural gas (LNG), & the third-largest coal importer. As of 2019, Japan has an average life expectancy of 84 years from birth & an exceptionally low infant mortality rate of just two deaths per 1,000 live births. 


Mexico

GDPhường. (2019): $1,268.87 billionPopulation (2019): 127.57 millionGDP per Capita (2019): $9,946HDI (2020): 0.779

Mexico"s development status is despite the fact that it exceeds the majority of its peers in the developing world on most economic & quality-of-life metrics. In fact, as of 2019, Mexico"s economy wasn"t heavily reliant on agriculture, at just 3.47%, while its services & industry sectors were much larger. Various other factors come cthảm bại lớn, but don"t quite hit, acceptable levels for developed-nation status. A life expectancy of 75 years since birth, as of 2019, ranks Mexico higher than most developing countries, but it still falls below its North American neighbors. The story is the same for the infant mortality rate, which was 12 per 1,000 live sầu births that same year. In addition, Mexiteo is plagued by large swaths of poverty, laông chồng of unique healthcare, và limited access khổng lồ clean water.  


The Netherlands

GDP. (2019): $907.05 billionPopulation (2019): 17.34 millionGDP per Capita (2019): $52,295HDI (2020): 0.944

This nation demonstrates relative sầu strength across all the metrics & combines a robust economy with a high standard of living for the majority of its residents.   In 2017, the Dutch were the fifth lowest population at risk of poverty or social exclusion in the European Union. As of 2019, the Netherlands had a life expectancy of 82 years since birth as well as an infant mortality rate of four deaths per 1,000 live sầu births.  According to the OECD, the Netherlands fares well in providing its citizens with the tools necessary lớn build a high quality of life. Although the country is below average in environmental unique, the health and life expectancy for residents are in line with other developed countries. The Netherlands also ranks very highly in terms of work/life balance, with fewer than 0.4% of residents reporting that they work long hours in comparison with the global average of 11%.


Nigeria

GDP (2019): $448.12 billionPopulation (2019): 200.96 millionGDP.. per Capita (2019): $2,229.9HDI (2020): 0.539

The Federal Republic of Nigeria"s GDPhường is far too low, as are the country"s living standards, for it khổng lồ be considered a developed nation.  Despite having the largest economy in Africa, industrialization in Nigeria lags behind most other major economies.  The country also suffers from a low literacy rate—at roughly 62% as of 2018—& an overburdened healthcare system.  Poverty is widespread, at a rate of 40.1% in 2019, và large swaths of the country lack access khổng lồ clean water. In 2019, the infant mortality rate in Nigeria was a high 74 per 1,000 live sầu births, while the life expectancy rate was a low 55 years since birth. 


Pol&

GDP.. (2019): $595.86 billionPopulation (2019): 37.96 millionGDPhường per Capita (2019): $15,694.7HDI (2020): 0.88

The Republic of Poland, as of 2019, is the sixth largest country in the EU by GDPhường. A Soviet satellite state until 1989, the country has nearly completed its transformation into a democratic & market-oriented economy. Thanks to lớn its svào economy, Polvà is expected to quickly rebound once the COVID-19 pandemic comes to an kết thúc. Like many developed nations, Polvà offers both không tính phí healthcare và higher education for its citizens.  As of 2019, the country"s infant mortality rate was just four per 1,000 live births, while the life expectancy rate was 78 years since birth.  The country also has 16 properties recognized on the UNESCO World Heritage List, only one of which isn"t a cultural site.


Russia

GDP. (2019): $1,699.88 billionPopulation (2019): 144.41 millionGDPhường per Capita (2019): $11,585HDI (2020): 0.824

Russia is not currently classified as a developed country, though it once reigned alongside the United States as a world superpower. The country"s economy fell apart with the 1991 implosion of the Soviet Union. Recently, low oil prices, the cost of Russia"s illegal annexation of Crimea, and efforts to bolster its military have sầu strained the country"s finances. Poverty is widespread (at 13% of population, the majority of whom are children) & living standards are low (with Russian citizens on average giving ita 5.8 out of 10). As is typical of a non-developed country, the exportation of natural resources fuels much of Russia"s economy.   Russia is borderline at best on most developed-country metrics. Its infant mortality rate is five per 1,000, while life expectancy is 73 years since birth, below the global average of 75. 


Saudi Arabia

GDP (2019): $792.97 billionPopulation (2019): 34.27 millionGDPhường per Capita (2019): $23,139.8HDI (2020): 0.854

On a purely monetary cấp độ, the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia is rather successful when compared khổng lồ other developing countries. It was the largest economy in the Middle East in terms of GDP in 2019; however, its economy lacks diversification. Over 85% of government revenue is derived from oil exports, making Saudi Arabia the world"s largest exporter of petroleum. Additionally, according to a 20trăng tròn Amnesty International report, the government has has been heavily criticized for numerous human rights abuses, with nearly all known Saudi Arabian human rights defenders within the country having been detained or imprisoned. As of 2021, three women"s rights activists have sầu been conditionally released & reamin subject to lớn restrictions on traveling & speaking freely. As of 2019, Saudi Arabians had an average life expectancy of 75 years since birth as well as an infant mortality rate of six deaths per 1,000 live sầu births. 


South Korea

GDP.. (2019): $1,646.74 billionPopulation (2019): 51.71 millionGDP per Capita (2019): $31,846.2HDI (2020): 0.916

The country has a strong GDPhường. and offers its citizens widespread access lớn quality healthcare và higher education.   Following several decades of rapid economic growth and global integration, the Republic of Korea has become a high-giải pháp công nghệ và industrialized nation, with its most important sectors being electronics, telecommunications, autosản phẩm điện thoại production, chemicals, shipbuilding, và steel. That said, the country is reliant on exports và is currently facing other major challenges, such as an aging population & low worker productivity. Life expectancy in 2019 was an impressive 83 years since birth. The infant mortality rate was rather low that same year, at just three per 1,000 live births.


Spain

GDP.. (2019): $1,393.49 billionPopulation (2019): 47.13 millionGDP. per Capita (2019): $29,564.7HDI (2020): 0.904

Nearly all organizations that analyze development status classify Spain as such. The country has a strong GDPhường, a literacy rate of nearly 100%, & a healthcare system that"s one of the best in the world.   Since returning to lớn a democratic system in 1975, Spain has become the eurozone"s fourth-largest economy, with a diverse assortment of industries including manufacturing, financial services, pharmaceuticals, textiles & apparel, footwear, chemicals, and tourism. Spain"s infant mortality và life expectancy numbers are excellent; an estimated three infants died per 1,000 live sầu births in 2019, và the average Spaniard lived lớn be 83 years from birth during the same year. 


Sweden

GDPhường. (2019): $530.88 billionPopulation (2019): 10.28 millionGDPhường. per Capita (2019): $51,648HDI (2020): 0.945

Sweden is one of the most highly developed post-industrial societies in the world. Sweden"s life expectancy—now at nearly 83 years since birth—increased by eight years between 1980 and 2019, while infant mortality has dropped from seven deaths per 1,000 live sầu births to lớn two during the same period.  Although Sweden has the highest income tax rate in the world, the country is also known for having a high unique of life và a low unemployment rate of roughly 9% in 2021.   Additionally, Swedish citizens have sầu free access lớn healthcare and higher education. The average Swede enjoys nearly 20 years of education. As a society, Sweden places great importance on environmental sustainability as well.


Switzerland

GDP (2019): $703.08 billionPopulation (2019): 8.57 millionGDPhường per Capita (2019): $81,989.4HDI (2020): 0.955

According to the World Bank, of countries listed for 2019, Switzerland had the fourth highest GDPhường per capita and the highest of any country on this các mục. This can be attributed lớn the country"s highly skilled labor force, which helps compensate for its smaller population. The country"s largest economic sectors are financial services, precision manufacturing, metals, pharmaceuticals, chemicals, & electronics. Switzerland has a universal healthcare system while also preserving a private marketplace. As of 2019, the country"s average life expectancy was an excellent 84 years, while its infant mortality rate was an unusually high 10 per 1,000 live births. 


Đất nước xinh đẹp Thái Lan

GDP (2019): $543.55 billionPopulation (2019): 69.62 millionGDPhường per Capita (2019): $7,806.7HDI (2020): 0.777

The Kingdom of Đất nước xinh đẹp Thái Lan is the second-largest economy in Southeast Asia. Vương Quốc Của Những Nụ cười has a free-market economy, with a relatively well-developed infrastructure. About two-thirds of the country"s GDPhường is derived from exports of electronics, agricultural commodities, automobiles & parts, processed foods, & other goods. Over the last four decades, the country has moved from a low-income khổng lồ an upper-income country by making substantial progress in social & economic development. Since becoming a constitutional monarchy in 1932, it has experienced 19 military coups. More recently, pro-democracy protests have been ongoing since Feb. 20đôi mươi.


Turkey

GDP (2019): $761.42 billionPopulation (2019): 83.43 millionGDPhường per Capita (2019): $9,126.6HDI (2020): 0.82

Turkey is perhaps the best example of a country that straddles the line between developed & developing.In the past, the UN has classified it as a developed country. Today, most groups, including Turkey itself, agree on the country"s status as a developing nation. Confounding the issue is Turkey"s GDPhường, infant mortality rate, and life expectancy, all of which hover in the gray area. Its infant mortality rate at 28 per 1,000 live births, as of 2019, is lower than some other developing countries, but it"s still notably high. Conversely, the country"s life expectancy of 72 years from birth is higher than in some places, but below the global average of 75.


United Kingdom

GDPhường (2019): $2,829.11 billionPopulation (2019): 66.84 millionGDP.. per Capita (2019): $42,328.9HDI (2020): 0.932

The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Irelvà was the sixth largest country by GDPhường in 2019, with Great Britain being the first industrialized country in history.  GDP growth is heavily reliant on the services sector, particularly banking, insurance, and business services, whereas large oil and natural gas reserves are shrinking. In năm 2016, British citizens voted in favor of departing from the European Union—a decision that became known as Brexit. The U.K. formally left the EU on Jan. 31, 20đôi mươi, although there wasn"t a a proper trade agreement between the two entities until a provisional one was approved by the European Parliament on April 28, 2021.  As of 2019, the country"s average life expectancy was a solid 81 years, while its infant mortality rate was an unusually high 11 per 1,000 live births. 


United States

GDP (2019): $21,433.23 billionPopulation (2019): 328.24 millionGDPhường per Capita (2019): $65,297.5HDI (2020): 0.926

As of 2019, the United States was the wealthiest country on Earth in terms of total GDPhường, which is nearly 16% of the world"s entire wealth.  The U.S. is both the largest goods importer & the second-largest exporter, making it the world"s largest trading nation. Additionally, as of 2021, America has the third-largest military in terms of personnel—second only lớn India. However, despite its wealth and high HDI score, the U.S. has also been heavily criticized for traits more commonly seen in developing nations, such as it being the only developed country without universal healthcare, having a poverty rate higher than any other industrialized nation, and its infrastructure being in severe need of repair và overhaul.   As of 2019, the country"s average life expectancy was 79 years from birth, while its infant mortality rate was 11 deaths per 1,000 live births. 


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