Wish past tense: conjugation in present, past & past participle tense, wish verb forms

Wishes about the present or future

(Download this explanation in PDF here.)Wish + (that) + past simple:We can use "wish" lớn talk about something that we would lượt thích khổng lồ be different in the present or the future. It"s used for things which are impossible or very unlikely.I wish that I had a big house (I don"t have a big house, but it"s a nice idea!).I wish that we didn"t need khổng lồ work today (we do need to lớn work today, unfortunately).I wish that you lived close by (you don"t live sầu cthất bại by).I wish that John wasn"t busy tomorrow* (he is busy, unfortunately).(*In formal writing, you will see "were" instead of "was" after wish. This is correct, but it"s also fine khổng lồ use "was", in the same way as with the second conditional."I wish I were rich" or "I wish I was rich".)We also use "wish" with "could" to talk about things in the present or future that we would like lớn be different. In this situation, "could" is the past simple of "can". Of course, we use "can" to lớn talk about ability - if we know how to lớn vì chưng something or not. For example, "I can speak Spanish" or "I can"t drive". We also use "can" to talk about possibility - if things are possible or not possible. For example, "we can"t come lớn the buổi tiệc ngọt tonight" or "John can help you clean up". We use "could" with "wish" to talk about ability and to talk about possibility.I wish that I could speak Spanish (but, unfortunately, I can"t speak Spanish).I wish that I could drive sầu (I can"t drive).I wish that we could go to the buổi tiệc nhỏ tonight (unfortunately, we"re busy so we can"t go).I wish that John could help you clean up (John is at work, so he can"t help).Try an exercise about "wish" here. We don"t usually use "wish" in this way for things that are really possible in the future. Instead, we use "hope". Read more about "hope" here.I hope that you pass your exam (NOT: I wish that you passed the exam).I hope that it"s sunny tomorrow (NOT: I wish that it was sunny tomorrow).I hope that Julie has a lovely holiday (NOT: I wish that Julie had a lovely holiday).

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Wish + (that) + would:On the other hvà, we use "would" with "wish" in a little bit of a special way. It"s generally used about other people who are doing (or not doing) something that we don"t like and we want that person khổng lồ change. It"s not usually used about ourselves, or about something which notoàn thân can change though, exceptionally, we do use it about the weather.I wish that John wouldn"t eat all the chocolate. (John does usually eat all the chocolate và I don"t lượt thích it. I want hyên to lớn change his behaviour!)I wish that the neighbours would be quiet! (They are not quiet & I don"t like the noise.)I wish that you wouldn"t smoke so much! (You bởi vì smoke a lot and I don"t lượt thích it. I want you to lớn change this.)I wish that you wouldn"t work late so often.I wish that it would stop raining!We don"t usually use "would" when there"s no feeling that we want sometoàn thân to change their behaviour.NOT: I wish that tomorrow would be a holiday. (Instead: I wish that tomorrow was a holiday.)NOT: I wish that I would work harder. (It"s strange to use "wish" + "would" about yourself, as you can change your behaviour if you don"t lượt thích it!)

Wishes about the past

Wish + (that) + past perfect:We can use "wish" with the past perfect lớn talk about regrets from the past. These are things that have already happened but we wish they"d happened in a different way. This use of "wish" is very similar to lớn the third conditional.I wish that I had studied harder at school. (I didn"t study hard at school, and now I"m sorry about it.)I wish that I hadn"t eaten so much yesterday! (But I did eat a lot yesterday. Now I think it wasn"t a good idea.)I wish that the train had been on time. (But unfortunately the train was late, and so I missed my interview.)

Other uses of "wish"

Wish + khổng lồ + infinitive:We can use "wish" with the infinitive lớn mean "would like". This is very formal. We don"t usually use a continuous tense with "wish" in this case.I wish to lớn speak lớn the headmaster. (This means the same as "I would lượt thích lớn speak lớn the headmaster".)I wish to go now. Wish + object + to + infinitive:In the same way, we can use "wish" with an object và an infinitive sầu.I vì chưng not wish you to lớn publish this article.I wish these people lớn leave.Wish + sometoàn thân + something:This is used mostly in phối phrases.I wished hyên ổn a happy birthday.They wished us Merry Christmas.

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